Dania growing has turned to be one of the highest paying horticultural farming in recent days. It is not only in high demand in the country but also in demand around the world. This is so e in Egypt, Algeria, Tunisia, China, South Africa and other countries neighbouring Kenya.
This demand has created a smile in many a farmers’ face. But many people who get into dania farming Dania has different uses and that is why it is in demand. The plant may be grown to produce seeds or as a spice for food.
That said, it is the procedure for planting and maintaining that farmers should learn in order to make profits.
Preparing the farm
The farm should be flattened to make sure that other seeds are not buried when watering the farm, if the farm is small it should be done by use of a raker, if necessary there should be a placation of organic matter so as to increase the soil fertility. The soil should be wet before planting the seeds.
When starting commercial dania farming very few things are required since the plant takes very little space. The seeds should be planted in a well drained alluvial or light loam soils. This should be rich in organic matters so as to supply it with minerals as it grows since it does not require chemicals for growth. It is also advisable to plant in a mid warm to cool weather since the plant due to its small leaves the heat may affect its growth hence leaves production becomes fewer. Dania perform well when matured from seeds because transplanting causes early flowering. Seeds should be 30cm apart for production of fresh herbs and 50cm apart if the planting is done for reproduction of coriander seeds. Sowing should be done carefully since the seeds are too tiny hence the depths should be 2.5cm to 3.5 cm. The dania seeds should be planted in drills made from fingers or by use of a stick. They should be planted in rows.
Maintaining the farm.
After planting the garden should be watered regularly but not in excessive. After four days they should start to develop the shoot. After a week thinning is recommended and by that time they should be 10-15cm tall within row. Little manure application should be done which should be well composed. One medium bucket is enough per metre or NPK fertilizer at a rate of 100kg per ha if its large scale farming.
Diseases and pest.
Dania is deer resistant and that means that it is not a favourite of grazing and browsing animals. Also, it requires easy gardening since there are few pest and diseases which attach the plant while in the farm, they include fusarium wilt, powdery mildew, stem rot they are all controlled through seed dressing, field hygiene, crop rotation and use of diseases free seeds. Spraying should be done only when necessary. Due to its attractive white flowers and pleasant fragrance it attracts butterflies and bees which are not harmful to your plants.
Maturity takes place within 1 month for herbs and 3 months for seed production. In production of fresh herbs it may give 7-10 tonnes per Ha. If the main aim is to produce coriander herbs the plant should be at least 10-15cm tall at harvesting. Harvesting the largest herbs first should be considered so as to encourage growth of smaller herbs for later harvesting.
If the dania is purposely for seed production, after flower start to appear directly cut the stems then harvest and pile up the crop for a few days in the field to further ripen them and dry before threshing. Dania grown for seeds the output is around 1.2-1.7 tonnes per Ha depending on variety.
It is a requirement for the crops to receive sunshine and that watering should be done in the morning or evening. Of more importance is to always keep the farm wet.
Marketing your product is not a problem since there is always a ready market. The demand is greater than the supply mostly at the boom periods, when there are holidays.